Korean TKD terminology

Discussion in 'Tae Kwon Do Resources' started by KellyOwens, Dec 13, 2006.

  1. KellyOwens

    KellyOwens Valued Member

    When we joined our school, we were given several pages with various things we needed to know including terminology, Korean flag details, the tenets etc...

    It only contains the very basic in regards to terminology though (belt, uniform, blocks, kicks, strikes, body parts, counting, stances, among other things). Where can I find (online or otherwise) the Korean terminology for the more complex techniques? I'm not interested in taking a course in Korean so it would need a pronunciation guide also :D .

    Anyway, thanks for any help!


    JOEKER Valued Member

    I've done a few google searches on this and really only came up with some sites that again gave me a few of the basics.

    But, try it out, maybe you'll find a little more than what you've got.
  3. Yang Dae-han

    Yang Dae-han Realising the 'edit'


    Sorry, I need not online guides so I can't help you there. However, if you write what you want to know (and describe it if you think there are multiple names in English...better yet, tell me what step they are in X form if possible), I'll tell you what they are in Korean as well as write them in Roman script/IPA if you fancy.


    Last edited: Dec 13, 2006
  4. Hapuka

    Hapuka Te Aho

  5. removal

    removal Valued Member

    Here is MY list. The Romanization is my own, as I find the official Romanization of Korean to sometimes be misleading.
    Just copy and paste these expressions to print off.

    UL-GOOL = face = 얼굴
    MO-RI = head = 머리 DO-BOK = uniform = 도복
    NOON = eye = 눈 BA-JI = pants = 바지
    KO = nose = 코 TEE = belt = 티
    IP = mouth = 입
    GWEE = ear = 귀 UN-DONG HWA = training shoes = 운동화
    MOK = neck = 목 YANG-MAL = socks = 양말
    UH-GAY = shoulder = 어깨 MOM-TONG HOO-GOO = chest protector = 몸통 호구
    GA-SUM = chest = 가슴 MORI BOO-WEE BO-HO-DAY = head gear = 머리부외 보호대
    BAY = stomach = 배
    DUNG = back = 등 PAL BO-HO-DAY = arm guard = 팔 보호대
    PAL = arm = 팔 DA-RI BO-HO-DAY = shin guard = 다리 …
    PAL-KUP = elbow = 팔꿈치
    S-ON = hand = 손 BAHL GA-RAK = toe = 발가락
    S-ON GA-RAK = finger = 손 가락 BAHL MOK = ankle = 발목
    S-ON MOK = wrist = 손목 BAHL = foot = 발
    HU-RI = waist = 허리 MORE-UP = knee = 무릎
    DA-RI = leg = 다리 DWI-GOOM-CHI = heel = 뒤꿈치
    BAL = foot = 발
    BAL CHA-GI = kick = 발차기
    AP CHA UL-GI = high rise kick = 입차올리기
    AP CHA-GI = front kick = 앞차기
    DOL-LYU CHA-GI = turning kick = 돌려 차기
    NA-ROO CHA-GI = axe/cut-down kick = 나루 차기
    NAY-ROO CHA-GI = double turning kick = 내루 차기
    YUP CHA-GI = side kick = 옆차기
    DWI CHA-GI = back kick = 뒤차기
    BAN-DAL CHA-GI = inside crescent kick = 반달 차기
    BA-KAT CHA-GI = outside crescent kick = 바깥 차기
    HAY-CHO CHA-GI = reverse kick = 헤쳐 차기
    HOO-RYU CHA-GI = hook kick = 후려 차기
    MIH-ROO CHA-GI = front push kick = 밀어차기
    UL-GOOL (KICK NAME) = high-section (kick name) = 얼굴 + (KICK NAME)
    MOM-TONG (KICK NAME) = mid-section (kick name) = 몸통 + (KICK NAME
    S-ON = hand = 손
    JI-RU-GI = punch = 지르기
    UL-GOOL = high-section = 얼굴
    Eg, UL-GOOL JI-RU-GI = high-section punch = 얼굴 지르기
    MOM-TONG = mid-section = 몸통
    AH-RAY = low-section = 아래
    KA-WI S-ON JI-RU-GI = scissor hand = 가위 손 지르기
    S-ON-KAHL JI-RU-GI = knife hand = 손칼 지르기
    MA-KI = block = 막기
    (MOM-TONG) BAK-AT MA-KI = (mid-section) outside block = (몸통) 바깥 막기
    (MOM-TONG) AN MA-KI = (mid-section) inside block = (몸통) 안 막기
    (AH-RAY) MA-KI = (low-section) block = (아래) 마기
    AP-SOH-GI = front stance = 앞 서기
    AP-GOOB-EE = forward stance = 앞 굽이
    JOO-CHOOM SOH-GI = horse-riding stance = 주춤 서기
    DWIT GOOB-EE = back stance = 뒷 굽이
    KOA SOH-GI = cross stance = 꼬아 서기
    BOOM SOH-GI = cat stance = 붐 서기
    HAK DA-RI SOH-GI = crane stance = 학 다리 서기
    NA-RAN-HEE SOH-GI = ready stance = 나란히 서기
    MO-AH SOH-GI = feet together stance = 모아 서기
    CHA-RI-UT = attention = 차렷
    (KOOK-KEE-EH) KYUNG-RAY = salute (the flag) = 경려
    AN-JA = sit down = 앉아
    IRO-SUT = stand up = 일어서
    DWI-RO-DOR-AH = turn around = 뒤로 들아
    DALL-EE-GI = running = 달리기
    SHI-CHAK = start = 시작
    KO-MAHN = finish = 고만
    BALLY = fast = 빨리
    CHON-CHON-HEE = slow = 천천히
    IRI-O-NO-RO-AH = come here = 이리 오너라
    YO-GI = here = 여기
    GO-GI = there = 거기
    KI-BON = basic = 기본
    KEY-SOOL = technique = 기술
    DONG-JAK = movement = 동작
    JUN-BEE = ready = 준비
    JUN-BEE UN-DONG = warm up exercise = 준비 언동
    JOONG-LEE UN-DONG = cooling down exercise = 정리 언동
    KYO-RU-GI = sparring = 겨루기
    KYUK-PA = breaking = 격파
    AN-NYONG HA-SAY-YO = Hello/How are you? = 안녕하세요.
    Note 1: that you should also reply to the question of ‘how are you?’ with exactly the same phrase.
    Note 2: there are different degrees of formality with Korean verbs. To a senior, you should bow slightly, and say: “An-nyong ha-shim-ni-ka.”

    MAN-NA-SO PAN-GAP-SOOM-NI-DA = Nice to meet you = 만나서 반갑습니다.
    Also: MAN-NA-SO PO-EP-KES-SOOM-NI-DA = Nice to meet you = 만나서 뵙겠습니다.

    EE-RUM-EE MWOH-YEH-YO? = What’s your name? = 이름이 뭐예요?
    (NAME) IM-NI-DA = My name is (name) = (NAME) 입니다.

    HAK-SAYNG IM-NI-DA = I’m a student. = 학생입니다.
    (MEE-GUK/YONG-GUK/HO-JOO) EH-SUH WASS-SOOM-NI-DA = I come from (the U.S.A./U.K./Australia.)

    GO-MAP-SUM-NI-DA = Thank you. = 고맙습니다.
    Also: GAM-SA-HAM-NI-DA = Thank you. = 감사합니다.
    MI-AN-HAM-NI-DA = I am sorry. = 미안합니다.
    SHIL-YEH-HAM-NI-DA = Excuse me. = 실례합니다.
    GWAN-CHAN-AH-YO = That’s okay/No problem. = 괜찮아요.

    ON-JAY = When? = 언재?
    OH-DEE = Where? = 어디?
    WAY = Why? = 왜?
    OH-DUK-DAY = How? = 어떻게
    Last edited: Dec 13, 2006
  6. Kwajman

    Kwajman Penguin in paradise....

    Well that's pretty comprehensive. Need much more than that get a Korean/English Dictionary.
  7. KellyOwens

    KellyOwens Valued Member

    You guys are awesome!! Thanks a million times over!

    Copying and pasting now!!

  8. removal

    removal Valued Member

    Without having actual lessons in Korean, I think it's not realistic for most people to get past the key terms needed for class. You need to know how to pronounce the words from someone who speaks Korean. I've heard many Westerners come out with very strange Korean words in the TKD gym. There's no point in learning a whole pile of words if you don't know how to pronounce them. I only got to learn so many words because I've spent a few years in Korea. Who knows whether I would have learnt all these words if I trained outside Korea.
  9. Thomas

    Thomas Combat Hapkido/Taekwondo

    Excellent list! Well worth printing out and using as a reference. :)

    I spotted a couple of minor typing errors, might be more, might be less.

    띠 as in 허리띠

    …에게 경례하다


  10. removal

    removal Valued Member

    Okay, thanks Thomas for the corrections!
    I compiled my list by ear, and then got a Korean to check the Korean spellings!!!! Now, I'm disappointed with them... :bang: x200
  11. Yang Dae-han

    Yang Dae-han Realising the 'edit'


    Thank you for going through the trouble of posting this. As Thomas pointed out, there are some spelling mistakes and as well as others that he missed. The Koreans you asked to proof should have noticed these, but some are related to TKD and the lay-person may not know the difference.

    Also, as you pointed out, non-native Korean speakers produce some odd pronunciation. The only way to ensure proper pronunciation would be to school a learner on the vowels, "dipthongs", consonants and various blends/linking that occur in Korean (and those not included in the langauge/ not able to be plugged in) as well as NOT use Romanisation, but IPA at the very least.

    Unfortunately, Romanising Korean is severely lacking (and I concur that the current official form is also misleading <if it makes you feel better, I will be working with some professors to fix...propose the change at least...the problem when I go back to Korea>, and I wager that most of the Korean terminology that you posted will be mispronounced by those not familiar with standard Korean despite the Romanisation.

    Even if we were to implement IPA for reading Korean in non-Korean script, not many would know how to decipher it! One step forward, two steps back.

    Oh, and sorry Thomas "괜찮아요" is correct....but I still love ya!



  12. Thomas

    Thomas Combat Hapkido/Taekwondo

    :D :D :D
    Heh heh heh... I thought it looked funny but I figured my disclaimer "might be more, might be less." would cover me. I almost wrote it as "괜찮아유" like I learned it in Chungnam!!!!

    I figured I missed a few more too, nice job editting and "nice job" to renewal for posting!

    Great list though to start with. I generally found that having martial arts students proof-read it wasn't a guarantee for being correct... Korean may be almost universally literate but they make lots of mistakes too! :) Usually Korean teachers were better at getting the spelling correct.
  13. removal

    removal Valued Member

    Well...for the record as to the Korean script: First, I asked Korean teachers (my co-workers) - they checked it and only said that there were a few special terms they couldn't understand. So to clarify those, I asked my Hapkido Kwangjang to check through the list. He was playing Go-Stop on the Internet at the time, so I guess his mind wasn't focused. That's the kind of translation service you get for going to a MC-DOJO!!!

    I can't see how a Korean would have missed the one for 'belt', though. It seems all too clear now...
  14. Thomas

    Thomas Combat Hapkido/Taekwondo

    ITF/WTF Patterns Names in "correct" Korean

    Here's a list of the ITF and WTF forms in English (my own Romanization so feel free to disagree) and the "proper" Korean. I had a bit of hard time finding all of the forms listed in Korean so thought I'd post what I'd found for anyone else to use. Please let me know of any typing errors and whatnot. :D

    The 24 Chang Hon patterns (창헌틀)

    1. Cheon-Ji 천지
    2. Dan-goon 단군
    3. Do-san 도산
    4. Won-hyo 원효
    5. Yool-gok 율곡
    6. Joong-gun 중근
    7. Tae-gyae 퇴계
    8. Hwa-rang 화랑
    9. Choong-moo 충무
    10. Kwang-gyae 광개
    11. Po-Eun 포은
    12. Gye-Baek 계백
    13. Ui-am 의암
    14. Choong-jang 충장
    15. Ju-che 주체
    16. Sam-il 삼일
    17. Yoo-shin 유신
    18. Choi-young 최영
    19. Yeon-gae 연개
    20. Ul-ji 을지
    21. Moon-moo 문무
    22. Seo-san 서산
    23. Se-jong 세종
    24. Tong-il 통일
    (Korean names from http://www.changhun.co.kr)

    Kukkiwon Patterns
    Taegeuk Patterns 태극품새

    1. Taegeuk Il-Jang 태극 일 장
    2. Taegeuk Ee Jang 태극 이 장
    3. Taegeuk Sam-Jang 태극 삼 장
    4. Taegeuk Sa Jang 태극 사 장
    5. Taegeuk Oh-Jang 태극 오 장
    6. Taegeuk Yook Jang 태극 육 장
    7. Taegeuk Chil-Jang 태극 칠 장
    8. Taegeuk Pal Jang 태극 팔 장

    Black Belt Patterns
    1. Koryo 고려
    2. Keumgang 금강
    3. Taebaek 태백
    4. Pyongwon 평원
    5. Shipjin 십진
    6. Jitae 지태
    7. Cheonkwon 천권
    8. Hansoo 한수
    9. Ilyeo 일여
    (Korean taken from http://www.kukkiwon.or.kr/information/information04.jsp?div=04)
  15. AITKDMan

    AITKDMan New Member

    I was wondering if anyone knows any good sites that have audio playback of Korean TKD terminology. I've found a couple of good sites that have a wide assortment of the korean names for techniques written down, but I have seen very few of them that have some sort of audio.

    My Dojang does not use much Korean when calling out techniques and I wanted to start using both Korean and English terminology when I call out floor techniques to get people more familiar with it (I wouldn't ask that they memorize only the Korean though because it would be entirely too much for the current students to learn at once). I don't want to butcher the words though. I don't know if there are sites like this around and its definately one of my goals for when I take over my Dojang, but I want to do it right.
  16. Capt Ann

    Capt Ann Valued Member

    Ask, and ye shall receive:

    TKD Terms with .wav files:
  17. AllieB

    AllieB Valued Member

    your school will help ya but along with these other threads you should be fine i had trouble too and i wish i had had advice like this when i started out
  18. kwang gae

    kwang gae 광개 Sidekick Specialist

    Wow this thread just doubled my Korean!

    Or at least it will once I study it a 100,000 times!
  19. neryo_tkd

    neryo_tkd Valued Member

    let's make a sticky then :D
  20. AITKDMan

    AITKDMan New Member

    Thank, that's exactly what I was looking for, I owe ya one.

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