i've been thinking very carefully about the application of line work in karate. standing their in a karate stance no movement, not flowing i can't help but ask is karate line work of any real usefulness? line work is the sole practise of technique from specified stance (zenkutsu dachi). however since it is not practised at a person is it useful? could you do mae geri one hundred times in a rigid stance (zenkutsu dachi) for example and be able to do it on a person just as effectively on the street? here i have developed an argument onto whether karate line work is useful, if i have missed anything please say. well yes providing that they use conception and imagination to imagine that their is a person in front of them (even Bruce Lee shadow boxed). No i don't think practising technique based on rigid stance like zenkutsu dachi most people will find that, that is not very effective way of fighting, also to base your reflexes on something that doesn't represent real life, even when imagining someone in front of you won't get reflexes up to good standard as quickly and effectivly compared to other ways like pair work. Karate has come from a wide range of tradition, culture and dicipline whether or not its effective or not is irrelevant, you should do it for its culture that you go in too when practising karate. conservative views on martial arts should be looked into yes but practised every day (or eveytime you practice) is another matter. martial arts should hold effectiveness, line work simply does not hold that effectiveness of flowing, continuity and practicle application. conclusion: its cons outways its pros. martial arts should focus on its task, fighting and should not always hold to its culture and traditions but rather focus on the person and their abilities and ways to express themselves. after all it is martial art.