Making excessive contact under the rule system they agreed to fight under, therefore not exhibiting the control required. CATEGORY 1. 1. Techniques which make excessive contact, having regard to the scoring area attacked, and techniques which make contact with the throat. 2. Attacks to the arms or legs, groin, joints, or instep. 3. Attacks to the face with open hand techniques. 4. Dangerous or forbidden throwing techniques CATEGORY 2. 1.Feigning, or exaggerating injury. 2.Repeated exits from the competition area (JOGAI). 3.Self-endangerment by indulging in behaviour, which exposes the contestant to injury by the opponent, or failing to take adequate measures for self-protection, (MUBOBI). 4.Avoiding combat as a means of preventing the opponent having the opportunity to score. 5. Clinching, wrestling, pushing, or seizing, without attempting a throw or other technique. 6.Techniques, which by their nature, cannot be controlled for the safety of the opponent and dangerous and uncontrolled attacks. 7.Attacks with the head, knees, or elbows. 8.Talking to, or goading the opponent, failing to obey the orders of the referee, discourteous behaviour towards the refereeing officials, or other breaches of etiquette.